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|The 2017 Nature Innovation Index sheds new light on the impact academic research is having on innovation by examining how research articles from 200 institutions are cited in third party patents. By looking at patents owned by third parties, rather than those held by institutions themselves, the influence of research on the development of products and services is exposed. When taken in quantity, patent-to-article citations represent one of the most direct indicators of innovation capacity and effectiveness. This analysis can reveal universities with outsized impact on the development of new products and solution.
Ranked by a metric developed by The Lens, the 2017 Nature Innovation Index reveals:
1. The Scripps Research Institute (San Diego)
2. Rockefeller University (New York)
3. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
4. University of Massachusetts Medical School
5. The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
6. Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel)
7. US National Institutes of Health
8. University of California San Francisco
9. Stanford University
10. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (New York)
A total of 38 of the top 50 institutions using this metric are located in the United States. From the rest of the world, institutions placed first in their countries include University of Strasbourg (16), University of Geneva (21), Hangyang University (23), University of Dundee (26) and Karolinska Institute (38). From Japan, both Osaka University (31) and RIKEN (39) make the top-50.
David Swinbanks, founder of the Nature Index, says, "This analysis comes at a time when following the transfer of scientific knowledge into industry and the economy is a growing priority for governments and research funding agencies - for them, the need to demonstrate that publicly funded science is being used for society's benefit is paramount. This innovation supplement is part of a wider effort from the Nature Index - together with partners such as The Lens and Clarivate Analytics, with their own data - to examine new trends in research publishing and its interface with sectors outside of academia."
First launched in November 2014, the Nature Index database tracks the author affiliations of research articles published in a group of 68 high-quality natural science journals, which have been selected by independent panels of active scientists. Responses from over 2,800 individuals to a large-scale survey were used to validate the selections. Springer Nature estimates that these 68 journals account for nearly 30 percent of total citations to natural science journals.